In the 1890s, when Freud was in the dawn of his career, he was struck by how many of his female patients were revealing childhood [sexual] victimization to him. Freud concluded that child sexual abuse was one of the major causes of emotional disturbances in adult women and wrote a brilliant and humane paper called “The Aetiology of Hysteria.” However, rather than receiving acclaim from his colleagues for his ground-breaking insights, Freud met with scorn. He was ridiculed for believing that men of excellent reputation (most of his patients came from upstanding homes) could be perpetrators of incest.
Within a few years, Freud buckled under this heavy pressure and recanted his conclusions. In their place he proposed the “Oedipus complex,” which became the foundation of modern psychology… Freud used this construct to conclude that the episodes of abuse his clients had revealed to him had never taken place; they were simply fantasies of events the women had wished for… This construct started a hundred-year history in the mental health field of blaming victims for the abuse perpetrated on them and outright discrediting of women’s and children’s reports of mistreatment by men.

― Lundy Bancroft

(via proletarianprincess)

read this carve it into your brains permanently etch it into your skulls r e a d  t h i s

(via miss-mizi)

NEVER.
FORGET.

(via feministbatwoman)

mxtori:

businessinsider:

7 QUESTIONS YOU SHOULD ASK AT THE END OF EVERY JOB INTERVIEW.

Click here to find out why these questions help you.

This is so important!

I never know what to ask and end up looking like a fool cause I don’t have a question prepared.

Don’t be me.

quoms:

antoine-roquentin:

i guess existence precedes essence

spoiler alert: the author eventually does manage to pry some hermit wisdom out of this guy and it’s ‘get enough sleep’

which is the most real thing

khromejio:

whatwhiteswillneverknow:

FBI Uniform Crime Report Hate Crime Statistics, 2011

Hmmmmmmm

spacecadetbird:

valleyfair:

now there’s actual solid evidence that dicovery’s shark week is as garbage as I always thought it was

#STOP DOING THAT#STOP LYING AND ACTUALLY PUT UP ACTUAL FUCKING DOCUMENTARIES#GIVE ME ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE ABOUT MISUNDERSTOOD CREATURES OF THE DEEP#GODDAMN

1600px:

radiolarian-ooze:

lay1306:

intergalacticsloth:

askerenjaegerisfuckingawesome:

tennants-hair:

VIVA LA PLUTO MOTHERFUCKERS!!!!

DO YOU SEE THIS? DO YOU? ALL OF YOU WHO HAD WRITTEN OFF PLUTO, WHO HAD CROSSED IT OFF YOUR PLANET LIST? REMEMBER HOW IT WAS ‘TOO SMALL” TO BE A PLANET? HOW NASA, IN COLLABORATION WITH THE INTERNATIONAL ASTRONOMICAL UNION REMOVED ITS PLANETARY STATUS AND  CHANGED ITS NAME TO 134340? HOW EVERYONE THEN CONSIDERED THERE TO BE EIGHT PLANETS, NOT NINE?

BUT SOME OF US REMAINED LOYAL TO PLUTO. IT WAS NEVER FORGOTTEN. AND NOW HERE WE ARE, AND JUSTICE IS UPON US AFTER 8 YEARS.

BECAUSE GUESS WHAT? PLUTO HAS AT LEAST FIVE MOONS, A PRETTY BIG NUMBER FOR A ”DWARF-PLANET”, HUH? ESPECIALLY WHEN EARTH, QUITE BIGGER THAN PLUTO AND AN OFFICIAL PLANET ONLY HAS ONE. AND GUESS WHAT ELSE? ERIS, THE PLANET WHICH EVERYONE THOUGHT TO BE BIGGER THAN PLUTO, MAY NOT BE BIGGER AFTER ALL. AND THE BEST PART IS THAT PLUTO HAS AN ATMOSHPERE. THAT’S RIGHT, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, A SUPPOSEDLY NON-PLANET HAS AN ATMOSPHERE. AGAIN, ISN’T THAT IMPRESSIVE?

SO LOOK AT THIS. NEW FINDINGS, AND A NEW AGE FOR PLUTO. AN AGE OF RECOGNITION AND APPRECIATION. AND ALLOW ME TO CLOSE THIS -somewhat aggressive-PRESENTATION OF OPINION WITH THE MOTTO OF THE PLUTO APOLOGISTS: VIVA LA PLUTO!

Get “Viva la Pluto” to be a trending tag

The Pluto fandom doesn’t fuck around

WHAT DO YOU MEAN EIGHT YEARS?!!!!

There are objects in the Kuiper belt larger than Pluto, and Titan has an atmosphere, but it’s a moon, not a planet. Here’s a more balanced article, that discusses the criteria for planetary status and brings up some important points this poster left out. 

What I don’t understand is why people take Pluto’s planetary status as a personal slight. Calling Pluto a planet or a dwarf planet changes nothing about Pluto’s physical state. It doesn’t cease to exist. It’s just terminology. I’d wager that the vast majority of people who reblogged this can’t even name the other large TNO’s without googling it, and those TNOs are exactly why we reconsidered Pluto’s planetary status in the first place. 

eris and (i believe) sedna were the big ones that helped us reconsider pluto. not to mention:

  1. teharonhiawako (my baby i luv u)
  2. huya
  3. ixion
  4. orcus (or anti-pluto)
  5. makemake
  6. haumea
  7. QB1 (where we get the term cubewano from)
  8. varuna
  9. quaoar

also let’s get more into a few specific ones

eris, makemake, haumea, and quaoar were discovered by the hilarious astrophysicist michael “mike” brown, whose twitter is a diamond in the rough, by the way, all before 2006.

as read in mike brown’s autobiography, if he had not told the IAU to make pluto a dwarf planet, this would be what you would know as planets:

  1. anything that orbits the sun and can round itself out

that means that your tests would look like this:

PLANETS:

  1. mercury
  2. venus
  3. earth
  4. cruithne
  5. mars
  6. ceres
  7. vesta
  8. pallas
  9. juno
  10. jupiter
  11. saturn
  12. uranus
  13. neptune
  14. pluto
  15. charon
  16. eris
  17. sedna
  18. makemake
  19. haumea
  20. varuna
  21. ixion
  22. orcus
  23. et cetera

oh, and because TNOs such as eris and sedna have such weird orbits, you might have to memorize the order different depending on what decade you grew up in.

mike brown, the man who single-handedly allowed the demotion of pluto, could have gained so much from keeping pluto a planet. he would have had his own discovery considered a planet, which would have given him LOADS of cash for being the discoverer of the 10th planet, which would have helped him tremendously in a college savings for his at-the-time newborn daughter! an actual fucking astrophysicist who knows his shit better than a bunch of angry 6th graders on tumblr said that it would be smart to demote pluto and instead classify it as a dwarf planet. why??

to be a planet, you must meet the following:

  1. orbit a star
  2. have sufficient mass to round yourself out — be massive enough to where you collapse on yourself into a sphere shape
  3. clear your orbital trajectory — clean the path you take around the sun

pluto, as i like to put it, never clean up its room, so it’s not a planet. simple as that.

instead of focussing on pluto’s planethood status, research the following about pluto:

  1. pluto has an atmosphere comprised of methane
  2. said atmosphere freezes in winters and melts/snows methane on the dwarf planet in the summers (plutonian time, of course)
  3. pluto is a binary system with charon
  4. pluto is tidally locked to charon, and charon is tidally locked to pluto: they always show the same face to each other, which, as my once-friend put it, means that they are holding hands and spinning around in space
  5. pluto has at least 4 other confirmed moons, and likely has a ring system around it
  6. there is a very quickly-moving probe that is approaching neptune right now that will take the first high-definition pictures of pluto in mid-july of 2015 and will give us unprecedented information on it
  7. pluto is pink

food 4 thought

sincerely,

—an astronomy major

jaramo:

heyo!
don’t worry, your english turned out fine, dude.

as a foreword of warning,
it is best that you don’t use this post as a standalone tutorial, 
instead, try to use it as a study aid to help you make sense of real-life references.
(same applies for any decent “art tutorial” out there, really. :p)

bolded numbers correspond to the numbers on this post’s pictures.

Read More

eternalwinternight:

hunhanny:

I feel educated

Where was this when I was in calculus

eternalwinternight:

hunhanny:

I feel educated

Where was this when I was in calculus

contemporaryelfinchild:

nowisthewinter:

peternyc:

Photo of a fight in the Ukranian Parliament or Renaissance painting? 

Slap them all in togas instead of suits and it would perfect

It also follows a pyramidal composition!

However, I would argue that this picture is more Baroque than Renaissance. Notable features of Baroque art are:
Images are direct, obvious, and dramatic.
Tries to draw the viewer in to participate in the scene.
Depictions feel physically and psychologically real. Emotionally intense.
Extravagant settings and ornamentation.
Dramatic use of color.
Dramatic contrasts between light and dark, light and shadow.
As opposed to Renaissance art with its clearly defined planes, with each figure placed in isolation from each other, Baroque art has continuous overlapping of figures and elements.
Common themes: grandiose visions, ecstasies and conversions, martyrdom and death, intense light, intense psychological moments.
In the baroque, artists strove to evoke aesthetic responses. Now I’m not talking about aesthetic as in “oh thats pretty” I’m talking about aesthetic like that punch in the gut reaction you get to something.
One of the ways this was done was through the depiction of intense emotion which we see in this photograph. compare to Bernini

The picture also displays a wonderful use of chiaroscuro (an effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something) a style used extensively by Caravaggio and other Baroque artists.

 

contemporaryelfinchild:

nowisthewinter:

peternyc:

Photo of a fight in the Ukranian Parliament or Renaissance painting? 

Slap them all in togas instead of suits and it would perfect

It also follows a pyramidal composition!

However, I would argue that this picture is more Baroque than Renaissance. Notable features of Baroque art are:

  • Images are direct, obvious, and dramatic.
  • Tries to draw the viewer in to participate in the scene.
  • Depictions feel physically and psychologically real. Emotionally intense.
  • Extravagant settings and ornamentation.
  • Dramatic use of color.
  • Dramatic contrasts between light and dark, light and shadow.
  • As opposed to Renaissance art with its clearly defined planes, with each figure placed in isolation from each other, Baroque art has continuous overlapping of figures and elements.
  • Common themes: grandiose visions, ecstasies and conversions, martyrdom and death, intense light, intense psychological moments.

In the baroque, artists strove to evoke aesthetic responses. Now I’m not talking about aesthetic as in “oh thats pretty” I’m talking about aesthetic like that punch in the gut reaction you get to something.

One of the ways this was done was through the depiction of intense emotion which we see in this photograph. compare to Bernini

The picture also displays a wonderful use of chiaroscuro (an effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something) a style used extensively by Caravaggio and other Baroque artists.